1. Learn words through sentences:
Practically using vocabulary can help it stick in mind. Write sentences with new vocabulary words or compose a story or passage using a group of words or expressions. This way you would never forget the meaning of the word.
For example – Meera tried to placate her dad to allow her to go to the school picnic. Here, the word placate (meaning- calm / agreeable) is used in a sentence.
In this way, you would always remember that the word is being used for making someone calm / agreeable.
2. Usage of mnemonics (memory tricks):
Make your own connections between words and try to organize them. Mnemonics could be used to make up associations and relate the word to it.
For example – consider the word ‘Cacophonous (having an unpleasant sound). Think caco sounds like cactus and phonous like phone.
So you could try to remember it like this…a phone with a cactus makes irritating sounds. Such funny little word pictures will help you remember what words mean.
3. Read More –
Reading can be a great way to improve your vocabulary, So Start reading English newspapers, watch English news channels and movies. When you’re reading books, magazines, and newspapers, either jot down unfamiliar words or circle or highlight them (make sure you’re not writing in library books). This will help you learn new words and increase your vocabulary.
4. Make flash cards –
Design flashcards, write 5 words on each side and their usage (in sentences/phrases) & study them in your spare time. Each week make new ones, but continue to review all of them.
5. Understand the root words –
Think about other words which sound similar to the words you’re learning, Understand the origin / root words. Most similar words have the same root words and it becomes easier to remember.
6. Play scrabble, take vocabulary tests, etc:-
Scrabble is probably the most classic word board game and loved by many. Essentially, it’s a crossword style word game, Playing games and engaging in group activities are useful in any kind of learning, but particularly effective for language-related learning. If you don’t have time or don’t want to engage in group activities, there are numerous options of word games in the Internet.
If you want to improve your vocabulary more quickly, you have to take one test everyday.
7. Mirror Effect:-
Most of us look in some type of mirror several times in one day. Write a new vocabulary or hard to spell word on a sticky note. Place it on your mirror and your compact if you have one as well. Every time you look in the mirror, you will see the word, and in time you will know how to effortlessly spell it.
8. Practice, Practice and Practice :– Last but not the least. Practice! Get excited about words. Try to talk to someone close in English and ask them about their feedback. Don’t try to memorize the dictionary in a day! Limit yourself to 15 words per day, and you’ll gain confidence instead of feeling overwhelmed.